Sri Lanka maybe small in size but she is big in the wild life and adventure she has to offer. Packed into this tiny island is an abundance of natural wildlife starting from the famous Asian Elephant to the elusive leopard.
Sri Lanka is one of 25 biodiversity hotspots in the world.
The country has nine national parks and seven bird sanctuaries. In fact 43 of the endangered species listed by the World Conservation Union can be found in Sri Lanka’s national parks. Sri Lanka is home to Minneriya which is famous for having the largest gathering of wild elephants. The country has recently also grown in fame as being a hotspot for whale and dolphin watching.
Sri Lanka has declared 24 wildlife reserves, which are home to a wide range of native species such as Asian elephants, leopards, sloth bears, the unique small loris, a variety of deer, the purple-faced langur, the endangered wild boar, porcupines and anteaters.The Yala National Park in the southeast protects herds of elephant, deer, and peacocks. The Wilpattu National Park, the largest, in the northwest preserves the habitats of many water birds, such as storks, pelicans, ibis, and spoonbills.
The island has four biosphere reserves: Bundala, Hurulu Forest Reserve, the Kanneliya-Dediyagala-Nakiyadeniya, and Sinharaja. Out of these, Sinharaja forest reserve is home to 26 endemic birds and 20 rainforest species, including the elusive Red-faced Malkoha, Green-billed Coucal and Sri Lanka Blue Magpie. The untapped genetic potential of Sinharaja flora is enormous. Of the 211 woody trees and lianas within the reserve, 139 (66%) are endemic. The Total vegetation density, including trees, shrubs, herbs and seedlings, has been estimated at 240,000 individuals per hectare.
Sri Lanka is home to over 250 types of resident birds. It has declared several bird sanctuaries including Kumana. During the Mahaweli Program of the 1970s and 1980s in northern Sri Lanka, the government set aside four areas of land totalling 1,900 km2 (730 sq mi) as national parks. However the country’s forest cover, which was around 49% in 1920, had been fallen to approximately 24% by 2009.
valuable species such as satinwood, ebony, ironwood, mahogany and teak.
Sri Lanka also has a range of endemic species such as the Sri Lanka Leopard, the Sloth Bear and the Sri Lankan elephant. It is a privilege to see these animals in their natural habitat and you can have the unique experience of seeing the largest land and sea mammals in one holiday destination. Come visit Sri Lanka, the wonder of Asia.